Design is prepared for producing woven fabrics. Design is done on paper. A complete for woven fabrics should consist of weave plan, drafting plan and lifting plan
1.Weave plan: Weave plan takes the interlacing of the ends and picks into consideration. It contains ups and downs of each yarn in fabric and the number of ends and picks of a design utilized. It is repeated for the complete design.
2.Drafting plan: Drafting plan shows the number of healded shafts which are used and the order in which the warp ends are threaded through heald eye of the heald shafts.
3.Lifting plan: Lifting plan also known as Peg Plan defines the selections of heald shafts to be raised or lowered on each successive insertion of pick.
Some factors should be taken into consideration during designing.
1.Denting plan: The process inserting warp yarn though reed is called as denting. Denting plan must meet the requirements on orders.
2.Structure: In the manufacture of fabric by weaving on a loom, the techniques interlacing two series of threads at the right angles to each other are called as structure.
3.Texture: The tern texture signifies the general quality of a fabric, developed by the interplacement of yarn used. Weight, bulk and hand feeling are also expressed by the term of texture. Materials, count of yarn and relative density of threads are its main factors.
So only following the design plan of the fabric can know about the woven fabric. In the modern times, various types of complex design are produced. Different kind of woven machines can be used for design, including jacquard loom, dobby loom, water jet loom or air jet loom.
Wrong selection loon will damage to the woven fabric.